Exploring Nice’s History

    Within the French Riviera lies the ancient and historical city of Nice. Not only is Nice the region’s largest city and unofficial capital, it is also the second most visited place in all of France (the first, of course, being Paris).

    Nice has a rich and unique history that cannot be found in just any European city. Around 350 BC, Greek warriors founded a permanent settlement here. In honor of their success, they called the new city Nikaia after the goddess of victory Nike.

    Utforska Nices historia - Nice reseguide franska rivieran 1
    Place Massena

    If you visit Nice, you’ll notice many Greek landmarks still littered around the city. The main Massena Square for example is home to a glorious marble statue of the Greek God Apollo. Similarly, climb the stairs of the castle hill and you’ll find yourself walking upon 13 mosaic decorated steps summarizing Homer’s Odyssey.

    After the Greeks came the Romans, who settled in Nice’s historic neighborhood of Cimiez, which is calm and secluded, wafted by gentle sea breezes and blessed with incredible views. Head up to the gorgeous Jardins de Cimiez and you’ll discover the ruins of a what was once an ancient Roman Colosseum, a still-operating monastery, a cemetery, and a gorgeous 500-year-old olive garden. You can freely walk through the entire complex and immerse yourself in the city’s enriching ancestry.

    Exploring Nice's History - nice travel guide cimiez monastery
    Jardins de Cimiez

    På 800-talet, bröderna iKlostret i Saint-Pons (Franciscan monks) built the Monastery of Cimiez. In 1543, the convent of the Franciscan brothers was destroyed during the siege of Nice. Three years later, they bought the Monastery from the brotherhood of the Benedictines.

    Efter revolutionen förvandlade armén den till en barack och senare till ett militärsjukhus. Den skulle därefter återuppta sitt ursprungliga kall under den sardiska restaureringen och blir en församlingskyrka under munkarnas ledning. På 1800-talet gav tillägget av nygotiska fasader och verandor den sin nuvarande stil.

    I denna 1400-talskyrka kan du beundra tre stora målningar av den primitive Niçois-målarenLouis Bréa: a Pietà, the Crucifixion, and the Deposition. Also worth seeing is the imposing carved wood baroque altarpiece. The museum traces Franciscan life in Nice from the 13th century onwards and houses fascinating frescoes and works of art.

    Klostrets trädgård, med sin rosenträdgård och medelhavsväxter, är vacker med en utsikt som omfattar en stor del av staden, ända till havet.Henri Matisse,Roger Martin du GardochRaoul Dufyligger begravda på den intilliggande kyrkogården.

    Following the collapse of the Roman Empire, Nice still remained a part of Italy. That changed however in 1860. As a gift of sorts, the Italian Provence offered France the city of Nice for their help in the Second Italian War of Independence.

    Having changed hands from Italian to French rule, the city of Nice developed its own language. A mixture of both the French and Italian languages, Niçan was born. While Niçan is no longer commonly spoken in Nice today, you will notice that all street signs in the Old Town are in both French and Niçan.

    Kolla in vår list of Nice’s main historic sights och vår guide to the best art museums in Nice och längs den franska rivieran, för att utforska stadens mest imponerande historiska platser.

    Innehållet är juridiskt skyddat.

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